Support to social protection knowledge production and policy analysis for UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA)

Start Date: Close Date:


This project aims to produce knowledge, providing a comprehensive comparative overview of social protection systems in South Asia. Also, specifically for Afghanistan, the project provides technical assistance on a social protection policy and, specifically for Sri Lanka, on public expenditure fiscal space. Outputs include a series of comparative studies, one pagers and technical assistance to all countries during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.


UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia


South Asia

Afghanistan , Bangladesh , Bhutan , India , Maldives , Nepal , Pakistan , Sri Lanka

Main Pillar

Knowledge Production

Thematic Area

Social Protection

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG 1 - No Poverty , SDG 5 - Gender Equality

Project Results

1. Development of knowledge products

a) Social spending in South Asia: An overview of government expenditure on health, education and social assistance.

b) Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity lens.

c) Gender and social protection in South Asia: An assessment of the design of non-contributory programmes.

d) Social protection legislative frameworks in South Asia from a child-rights perspective.

e) Social assistance programmes in South Asia: an analysis of socio-economic impacts

f) Series of 8 One-pagers on country specific findings for each South-Asia country, considering legal and fiscal frameworks, overview, child and gender sensitive features of flagship programmes, and findings of impact evaluations. 

g) Socio-economic impacts of COVID-19, policy responses and the missing middle in South Asia.

h) Series of 8 One Pagers on country specific summaries of social protections responses to the COVID-19 crisis. 


​​​​​​2. Provision of technical assistance to all countries of the region in the early days of the COVID-19 crisis

3. Provision of technical assistance to Afghanistan by facilitating a policy dialogue process to result in a new social protection policy, including studies to inform evidence-based decisions.

  • Research Report No 66. Afghanistan: Needs assessment 
  • One Pager 500 - Afghanistan: needs assessment 
  • Research Report No 69. Overview of Zakat practices around the world 
  • One Pager 505 - Zakat practices around the world 
  • Elaborating a mapping of the social protection system and its key programmes (not published)
  • Elaborating training materials to inform a new Social Protection Policy (not published)

4. Provision of technical assistance to Sri Lanka by elaborating fiscal and reprogramming analyses to enhance the efficiency of existing programmes and identify funding possibilities to prepare for a roll out of a new Universal Child Benefit (UCB) proposed by UNICEF.

  • Research Report No 74. Public expenditure analysis for social protection in Sri Lanka  
  • One Pager 511 - Reviewing public expenditure on social protection in Sri Lanka 
  • Research Report No 85. Social protection responses to Covid-19 in Sri Lanka 


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