Potential for cooperation in the dissemination of renewable energy and natural gas among BRICS countries
Abstract:The global energy system is structured around fossil fuels, leading to high emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). Initiatives for decarbonisation and global warming mitigation have focused on restructuring countries’ energy grids and necessarily include policies that support the dissemination of cleaner energy sources. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) have markedly different energy systems, socioeconomic structures and institutional frameworks, suggesting distinct energy transition trends for each country. Nonetheless, the group shares common goals around sustainable development, seeking opportunities for cooperation and complementarities in the energy field. This Policy Research Brief presents the main policies for the dissemination of renewable energy sources and natural gas in BRICS countries and analyses initiatives and opportunities for energy cooperation.